Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic substance found in many species of mushrooms. People have used it for thousands of years for healing, religious ceremonies and magical practices. Some nationalities, for example, Masateki, have not abandoned this tradition to this day. Since the 1960s, information about psilocybin and the magic mushrooms has spread throughout the Western world. Soon the widespread use of it and of other psychedelics such as LSD and mescaline was restricted by legislation that also halted scientific research into hallucinogenic substances.
In recent years, loosening regulations on purchasing magic mushroom spores for healthcare research has allowed scientists to begin researching psilocybin again. It turns out that this is a very complex compound that may serve as a tool for studying the brain and consciousness, and which may also act as a remedy for various psychological disorders.
Psilocybin is a substance with very low physical toxicity but has a strong psychedelic effect. The key is the correct dosage, to reduce the likelihood of side effects and maximize the potential benefits.
Scientists continue to study the potential of psilocybin in the treatment of depression and anxiety. Antidepressants – usually SSRIs – are the mainstream treatment, but in many cases, they only alleviate the symptoms and often have significant side effects. Signs indicate that psilocybin could be more effective, but for that, more research is needed. Due to the fact that magic mushrooms have been illegal since the 70s, scientific research is only possible with the help of spores, because they do not contain psilocybin (it only appears in later stages of development).